Electricity is an essential part and a basic requirements of modern life. Electricity can be used for lighting, heating, cooling, operating appliances, computers, electronics, machinery, public transportation systems…. etcetera. With that to be mentioned is the Electrical Hazard and Protection methods, which otherwise can be fatal, for instance electrical shock and fire. Electrical shock occurs when the body becomes part of the electric circuit, however, the pathway through the body, the length of time of the exposure, the amount of current, and whether the skin is wet or dry can determine the severity and effects of an electrical shock.

In this training course, which was held by Dr. Askander Khalid kaka, who is a lecturer in the department of Physics, Faculty of Science and Health at Koya University for six days from 19th to 27th of April, 2022, the types of electricity, ways of producing, distributing, and controlling are explained theoretically and practically, and most importantly, different ways of protecting people from the hazards caused by electricity, including insulation, guarding, grounding, and electrical protective devices.

At the end of this training course, the Dean of FSCH ‘Asst. Prof. Dr. Taha Jalal Omar’ appreciated Dr. Askander’s hard work and sincerity to accomplish this course and raise the awareness about the fatality of electricity if precaution had not been taken. 

Training course details:
Title: Electrical Hazard and Protection methods
Name of trainees: Dr. Askander Khalid kaka
Number of participants: 17
Date: From 19th to 27th of April
Number of sessions: 12 sessions. 2 hrs per session
Location: General Physics Laboratory

Training Course Schedule:
First day: 19/04/2022

  • General Introduction about the training course
  • Origin of Electrostatic
  • Charging objects by Friction
  • Electrical force and electrical field
  • Electrostatic potential
  • Some applications of electrostatic

Second day: 20/04/2022

  • Fundamental Concepts of Electricity
  • Types of Electrical Current
  • Electrical Quantities in AC Circuit
  • The velocity of Electricity
  • Electric resistance of Human Body
  • Electrical conduction in the nervous system

Third day: 21/04/2022

  • Electrical Grid system
  • Electrical power station
  • Electrical power transmission
  • Electric substation
  • Electrical power distribution
  • Three phase electric power
  • Three phase configuration

Fourth day: 25/04/2022

  • Electrical hazards
  • AC &DC hazards
  • Electrical shock & electrical shock path
  • AC &DC effects
  • Range of body tolerance

Fifth day: 26/04/2022

  • General instruction for safety
  • Home protection system
  • Equipment protection system
  • Earthing system (TN Earthing system, TT Earthing system, and IT Earthing system)
  • Human protection system
  • House protection system
  • Avoiding the lightning strike

Sixth day: 27/04/2022

  • First aid for electric shock
  • Self-care at home
  • Recovering from electric shock

FSCH; Koya UniversityFSCH; Koya University


Koya University (KOU) is located in the city of Koya (Koy Sanjaq) which is 1.0 hr drive to the East of the Kurdistan Region capital Erbil (Arbil, Hewlér) in Kurdistan Region of F.R. Iraq. It is on the foothills of beautiful high mountain. Its campus has been carefully laid out to embrace the beautiful mountainous nature. . There are 4 Faculties and 2 Schools in KOU; Faculty of Engineering (FENG), Faculty of Science and Health (FSCH), Faculty of Education (FEDU), Faculty of Humanities and Social Silences (FHSS), Shcool of Physical Education (SPHE) and School of Medicine (SMED). Also, there are two research centers; Genome Center and Malai Gawra Center. Moreover, at KOU there is an English Language Center (BELC) at KOU has been opened with the sponsorship of IREX and American embassy in Baghdad as well as with the support of Spring International Language Center of The University of ArkansasKOU has two Scientific Journals; ARO-The Scientific Journal of Koya University, which is indexed by Clarivate Analytics (ESCI), and Koya University Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences (KUJHSS). KOU is a proactive member of Erasmus/ Marhaba Project and Erasmus+. KOU signed many Memorandum of Understandings (MoU) with many International Universities, e.g., The University of Arkansas (June 2015). The Lulea University in Sweden (April 2014), The University of Nottingham in the UKThe University of Buckingham in the UK (Oct 2008), Belkin University in Turkey (Sep 2009) The University of Greenwich in the UKCihan University-Erbil (2021) and Tishk International University (2021). Koya University is a memebr of The Association of Arab Universities and the International Association of Universities.

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FSCH at KOU Held a Training Course on "Electrical Hazard and Protection Methods”