Kurdish and Arab Dialogue.. «Soft power»

The initiative of the two universities of Baghdad and Koysenjaq for the Arab-Kurdish dialogue has received considerable attention, especially since it came almost a year and a half after the tense relations between Baghdad and Erbil following the Kurdish referendum (September 25, 2017), especially under the conjunctions and mines contained in the Constitution, including article 140 of the "Transitional Administrative Law", disputed areas, oil issues, the legal centre of Peshmerga, border outlets and others.

The opening of a new talk channel through the academic community hosted by Erbil and the historic city of Koysenjaq is therefore important because investment in the dialogue is more meaningful and useful in resolving controversial issues. According to Massoud Al-Barzani, former president of Kurdistan region, I think that

is one of the lessons of history and the life that should be followed by Kurds and Arabs and know their meaning well, not at present, but at the future level, as well as representing them, because conflict, especially armed, once it starts, no one of the belligerents can put an end to it.

Successive governments in the royal and republican covenants have failed to eliminate the armed Kurdish movement because they express just and legitimate demands, based on the right of self-determination of the Kurdish people, so they have been forced from time to time to resort to negotiations and dialogue and to sign truce or peace agreements. If the solutions and remedies set by the governments did not meet the rights of the Kurds that developed with the development of repression and the tyranny that Iraq experienced, especially under the former regime, and could not establish a sound and secure basis for relations based on trust, common interests and mutual benefits, Kurdish movements could not achieve their goals through arms as well, and failed to achieve their fair and legitimate demands under the shadow of fighting and fighting.

If the use of arms in self-defence is compelling, that stage is over and investment in them is no longer possible, particularly in the context of the global trend of recognition of rights and freedoms and recognition of diversity and pluralism. Investment in peace, tolerance and human rights issues have become the basis for helping to enhance the role and place of dialogue to achieve the goals.

Dialogue is one of the means of "soft power", so what can you say if it is academic and includes diverse currents, activities and actors, then it can turn into an effective and effective "proposal force", adding to the role that civil society and the media can play, promoting a spirit of understanding, cooperation and human common.

The importance of the "power of the proposal" comes through the introduction of "bills" and "proposals for regulations and regulations", as well as monitoring and monitoring the implementation of plans and projects, helping to institutionalize dialogue and the creation of platforms for structured and ongoing exchanges of views and ideas between decision-makers and academics.

One of the proposals received by the Academic Dialog Conference was the establishment of an Arab-Kurdish Dialog Institute, which examines issues of cooperation and joint action, "governing mosques" and "reducing inequalities" that will remain irreversible but must be respected and observed on the basis of its own expressions of identity.

This dialogue was launched about a year later in Amman on the initiative of Prince Al-Hassan Bin Talal, when a group of Arab and Kurdish intellectuals called for an intellectual and cultural dialogue, based on the human common basis, followed five months later by a dialogue for the four nation's pillars, including Arabs, Turks, and Kurds, and the dialogue may continue in other Arab capitals such as Tunisia and Beirut.

This confirms that the dialogue became an indispensable necessity, and an urgent need as much as a positive option, that contributes to the rapprochement, communication and interaction on the basis of the Arab-Kurdish brothers that the Iraqi left raised their allegiance since the 1930s, as its slogan "on the rock of the Arab-Kurdish brotherhood was destroying the conspiracies of colonization and reactionism".

The dialogue in Koysenjaq between two fighting groups were not aimed at defaming and proportionality, but rather at discussing the real problems with their academic, cultural, literary, artistic and historical dimension, as it is an open dialogue between academics who share common concerns without meaning that there are no differences and differences between them over history, the current moment and the future, which is normal. The dialogue in Koysenjaq between two fighting groups was not aimed at defaming and proportionality, but rather at discussing the real problems with their academic, cultural, literary, artistic and historical dimension, as it is an open dialogue between academics who share common concerns without meaning that there are no differences and differences between them over history, the current moment and the future, which is normal.

The Arab and Kurdish nations have suffered from the division that targeted their fragmentation and distribution to States and entities. Therefore, the right of self-determination, as a legally and politically recognized the principle of the United Nations, remains the legitimate goal of the two great nations. We still have to know what the Arabs want from the Kurds, what do the Kurds want from the Arabs, who are the friends of the Kurds, and who are their enemies, a question that was reiterated in the first Arab - Kurdish dialogue that started in London in the Arab Organization for Human Rights 27 years ago and its resonance continues till now.

It was published in the Gulf (UAE) and Al-Zaman (Iraqi) newspapers on Wednesday 8/6/2019.

 Abdul Hussein Shaaban

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